There are many steps that an organisation can take to reduce the risk of a terrorist attack or to reduce the impact of any attack that does take place. The measures considered below are not intended to be an exhaustive list. They are the measures focused upon by the Inquiry because of the circumstances and arrangements at and around the Arena in May 2017.
These measures are: risk assessment, training, hostile reconnaissance response, security perimeter, CCTV monitoring and security patrols. I shall address each of them in turn as they relate to SMG and Showsec’s activity in May 2017.